How Wall Street Is Shifting Money From Pensions to the Top 1%

Since the beginning of Occupy Wall Street, corporate media and political pundits have been trying minimize OWS. The problem these news agencies aren’t addressing and what OWS is bringing to the forefront is the staggering income inequality. Our income inequality is worse that some third world countries like Trinidad and Tobago, Mozambique and Tunisia, and the amount of wealth here in the US dwarfs these countries.  

Wall Street has many tricks to shift the wealth from the middle class to the top 1 percent and one way, which has not been talked about much is the way they have decimated pension funds. Investigative journalist Ellen Schultz wrote the book Retirement Heist: How Companies Plunder and Profit from the Nest Eggs of American Workersthat exposes some of the tricks corporations have used to shift money from the working people’s pensions to their top executives.  

Here is what Ms. Schultz writes. 

It’s no secret that hundreds of companies have been slashing pensions and health coverage earned by millions of retirees. Employers blame an aging workforce, stock market losses, and spiraling costs- what they call “a perfect storm” of external forces that has forced them to take drastic measures.  

But this so-called retirement crisis is no accident. Ellen E. Schultz, award-winning investigative reporter for the Wall Street Journal, reveals how large companies and the retirement industry-benefits consultants, insurance companies, and banks-have all played a huge and hidden role in the death spiral of American pensions and benefits. 

A little over a decade ago, most companies had more than enough set aside to pay the benefits earned by two generations of workers, no matter how long they lived. But by exploiting loopholes, ambiguous regulations, and new accounting rules, companies essentially turned their pension plans into piggy banks, tax shelters, and profit centers. 

Drawing on original analysis of company data, government filings, internal corporate documents, and confidential memos, Schultz uncovers decades of widespread deception during which employers have exaggerated their retiree burdens while lobbying for government handouts, secretly cutting pensions, tricking employees, and misleading shareholders. 

She reveals how companies: 

  • Siphon billions of dollars from their pension plans to finance downsizings and sell the assets in merger deals. 
  • Overstate the burden of rank-and-file retiree obligations to justify benefits cuts while simultaneously using the savings to inflate executive pay and pensions. 
  • Hide their growing executive pension liabilities, which at some companies now exceed the liabilities for the regular pension plans. 
  • Purchase billions of dollars of life insurance on workers and use the policies as informal executive pension funds. When the insured workers and retirees die, the company collects tax-free death benefits. 
  • Preemptively sue retirees after cutting retiree health benefits and use other legal strategies to erode their legal protections. 

Though the focus is on large companies, which drive the legislative agenda, the same games are being played at smaller companies, non-profits, public pensions plans and retirement systems overseas. Nor is this a partisan issue. Employees of all political persuasions and income levels-from managers to miners, pro-football players to pilots-have been slammed.

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One response to “How Wall Street Is Shifting Money From Pensions to the Top 1%

  1. This should be essential reading for everyone who has to defend against the nattering nabobs who decry the cost of pension funds to tax payers and stockholders.

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